As online learning becomes mainstream, many students are wondering exactly how teachers evaluate what they’ve learned in class. The challenges of assessment in online programs are significant because there are no face-to-face interactions. However, there are several types of assignments that professors can use to determine whether their students have picked up the necessary skills and knowledge, which may include some of the following:
- Discussion board posts- Discussion boards post can be used for assessment purposes if they are moderated and have clear guidelines, and students’ posts are often required as part of “classroom participation.”
- Portfolios- A portfolio is a collection of work produced by a student. Students can highlight and demonstrate their knowledge through their portfolios, which allow professors to critique their work.
- Quizzes/tests- Quizzes/tests, the most common online learning assessment types, can include multiple choice, true/false, fill in the blank, ordering, matching, short answers, and essays questions.
- Research Papers and Projects- Complex assignments, such as research papers and longer-term or group projects are typically administered at the end of the course to demonstrate students’ overall understanding of the course material.
- Weekly homework assignments- Professors give their students weekly assignments to complete and then provide them with ongoing feedback throughout the course.
E-Learning Assessment Techniques
Using effective online learning assessment techniques is an essential part of teaching and learning on the Internet, because assessment helps professors monitor their students’ learning and improve academic programs. E-learning assessment tools used in online programs might include some of the following.
- Email- Professors evaluate students’ writing in emails to ensure that they understand assignments.
- Feedback- Students may provide detailed feedback regarding their perceptions of the course and professors provide feedback regarding the students’ work.
- Peer evaluation- Performing peer evaluations during group assignments enable students to provide their team members with valuable feedback.
- Rubrics- Rubrics are criteria against which students’ projects and writing assignments and projects are evaluated, which help teachers assess a student’s work.
- Self-assessment- Self-assessments help professors determine if learning outcomes are being met.
- Self-tests- Professors review students’ self-tests to determine if they understand course content.
To maximize the effectiveness of online learning assessment techniques, professors ought to assess students on a regular basis so that they become familiar with their work. Performing assessments frequently also helps professors ensure that their students grasp the course content. Moreover, professors must carefully plan assessments and schedule them at various stages in an online course, so they can find out if learning outcomes are being met after students complete specific assignments.
Why Online Learning Assessment is Important
Online learning assessment techniques improve communication between faculty and students and help faculty determine whether students are interpreting course content correctly. Online learning assessment also keeps faculty and students engaged, in addition to maintaining instructional quality and ensuring that online learning programs stand up to the rigors of traditional learning programs.
Students have varied learning styles, so the most successful online learning programs typically combine a variety of e-learning assessment techniques. It’s also important to remember that just about any component of an online learning program, including chat room messages, emails, and discussion board contributions, can be used as assessment tools.